TEA TYPES

Camellia sinensis

"All types of 'true' tea actually originate from the same plant. The botanical name for the tea plant is Camellia sinensis. This plant originated in southern China thousands of years ago, and has been cultivated and consumed for hundreds of years. Camellia sinensis has two main varietals: camellia sinensis var. sinensis, which grows primarily in China and other East Asian countries and has a milder, mellower character, and camellia sinensis var. assamica, which grows primarily in India and is generally heartier and more robust."

artfultea.com

  • DESCRIPTION

    Green teas often brew up a light green or yellow color. They contain about half as much caffeine as black tea (about a quarter that of a cup of coffee.)

    Tend to have a lighter body and milder taste. Too long of a steeping can easily result in a bitter cup.

    Popular green teas include Gunpowder, Jasmine Yin Cloud, and Moroccan Mint.

  • PROCESS

    Green tea is another type of tea made from the camellia sinensis plant.

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  • HEALTH

    • low in caffeine
    • high in antioxidants
    • reduced risk of cancers
    • healthy heart and brainclear skin
    • clear skinimproved weight loss
    • improved weight loss
  • DESCRIPTION

    Many people new to the world of tea are most familiar with black tea. You can find black tea in name-brand teabags at the grocery store like Lipton or Tetley. Popular breakfast blends like English Breakfast and Irish Breakfast are other examples of black tea. Black teas tend to be relatively high in caffeine, with about half as much caffeine as a cup of coffee. They brew up a dark, coppery color, and usually have a stronger, more robust flavor than other types of tea.

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    • high in caffeine
    • high in antioxidants
    • healthy immune system
    • reduced risk of stroke
    • pain and swelling relief for cuts, bruises, and burns
  • DESCRIPTION

    White tea is a delicate, minimally processed tea that is highly sought after by connoisseurs and enjoyed by experts and novices alike.

    White tea has a light body and a mild flavor with a crisp, clean ending. White tea tends to be very low in caffeine, although some silver tip teas may be slightly higher in caffeine.

    Popular white teas include Bashan Silver Tip and White Peony.

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    • very low in caffeine
    • very high in antioxidants
    • strongest anti-cancer tea
    • strengthened teeth

  • DESCRIPTION

    Oolong is a partially oxidized tea, placing it somewhere in between black and green teas in terms of oxidation. Oolong teas can range from around 10-80% oxidation, and can brew up anywhere from a pale yellow to a rich amber cup of tea. Many oolongs can be re-infused many times, with subtle differences and nuances of flavor in each successive cup.

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    • moderate in caffeine
    • high in antioxidants
    • improved calm and alertness
    • healthy brain

  • DESCRIPTION

    Pu-erh tea is an aged, partially fermented tea that is similar to black tea in character. Pu-erh teas brew up an inky brown-black color and have a full body with a rich, earthy, and deeply satisfying taste. Pu-erh teas are fairly high in caffeine, containing about the same amount as black tea (half that of a cup of coffee).

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  • HEALTH

    • moderate in caffeine
    • high in antioxidants
    • detox tea
    • digestion and weight loss aid

  • DESCRIPTION

    Purple tea is a relatively new kind of tea, and has only been commercially available for a few years. The tea is produced from a rare purple-leaved tea plant found growing wild in the Assam region of India. Today, purple teas are primarily produced in Kenya, Africa. They have a light body and mellow flavor, and are extremely low in caffeine and high in antioxidants and anthocyanins.

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  • DESCRIPTION

    Matcha is a type of powdered green tea popular in Japan. It can be consumed on its own when whisked with water, and can also be added to lattes, smoothies, and baked goods. Matcha has a smooth, rich flavor with notes of umami and just a hint of bitterness.

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  • HEALTH

    • very high in caffeine
    • very high in antioxidants
    • same benefits as green tea but stronger
    • healthy liver

  • DESCRIPTION

    Although mate is not related to the camellia sinensis tea plant, it does contain caffeine.

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    Mate is a tea-like drink made from a plant native to South America. It's traditionally prepared in a hollow gourd by adding leaves and hot water to the gourd to steep. The tea is then consumed through a filtered straw known as a bombilla. In many South American countries, mate is shared among a group of friends by drinking and refilling the same gourd as it is passed from person to person. Mate can also be prepared in the same way as other teas and tisanes, by steeping the leaves in an infuser or filter in a mug or pot.

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  • DESCRIPTION

    Although we colloquially call herbal teas “tea,” they’re not actually related to true teas made from the camellia sinensis plant. Instead, herbal teas are composed of a blend of different herbs and spices. In general, herbal teas contain no caffeine. There are a wide variety of different kinds of herbal teas, including both single-ingredient teas like Peppermint and Chamomile, as well as creative blends like Lavender Lullaby and Atomic Gold.

    Herbal teas are also sometimes called herbal infusions or tisanes. Popular herbal tea ingredients include peppermint, chamomile, hibiscus, ginger, lavender, and more. Herbal blends often have medicinal properties, and depending on the blend can be used to treat everything from sore throats to upset stomachs.

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    • Camomile - no caffeine; improved sleep and relaxation; menstrual pain relief
    • Peppermint - no caffeine; digestive tract health; headache, migraine, nausea, and upset stomach relief
  • DESCRIPTION

    Rooibos is a particular type of herbal tea made from a plant native to South Africa. These teas are sometimes also referred to as red tea or red bush tea, and are naturally caffeine free. Rooibos has a full body similar to that of a black tea, which makes it a good option for people who enjoy black tea but are looking to avoid caffeine. It has a pleasant natural sweetness, and is delicious when taken on its own or with a splash of milk. Rooibos can also be mixed with other ingredients to create flavored blends like Earl Grey Rooibos and Rooibos Chai.

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  • HEALTH

    • no caffeine
    • improved circulation, blood pressure, and cholesterol
    • healthy hair and skin
    • allergy relief